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This course will enable you to develop an understanding of the principles of English Law and the structure of major aspects of the English Legal System. You will investigate how Law is made and the role of judges, juries and the legal profession. You will learn about sources of Law including statutory interpretation, precedent and European Union Law. Finally, you will study some of the more philosophical elements of the subject such as the relationship between law, morality and justice.  At A2 you will develop an understanding of the underlying principles of Contract Law, with an awareness of the principles held in commercial transactions and consumer protection whilst applying it to the modern world. You will investigate the developments of the law and comment on the justice or morality using precedents and statutory material. You will study relevant leading cases and will form an awareness of the changing nature of the law as well as learning how contracts impact us all in everyday life.

Course Content

The AS level course consists of two compulsory units.

G151: The English Legal System 

1.1 Introduction to Law 

Meaning and definition of law, Classifications of law: (public and private; civil and criminal).  You will also be required to understand an outline  of the meaning of law, and the necessity for a reliable system of law in a free society.

An outline understanding of the legal differences between Public Law (criminal, constitutional and administrative law) and Private Law (contract, tort and family law).  bAn understanding of the legal differences between Civil Law and Criminal Law.

1.2 Courts and Processes 

Hierarchy of the courts.  An outline understanding of both the criminal and civil court hierarchy, including both first instance and major appeal courts.


The Criminal Courts 

The Magistrates’ Court: pre-trial: an outline understanding of the following: the difference between summons and arrest; the role of the Crown Prosecution Service; duty solicitors (at the police station and at court); summary, either-way and indictable offences; bail (both by the police

G152: Sources of Law

 2.1  Legal precedent in the English Legal System and key terms: stare decisis, obiter dicta, ratio decidendi, binding and persuasive precedent, original precedent, overruling reversing and distinguishing.

2.2 The court structure in the English Legal System in the context of precedent

2.3  The powers of the House of Lords and the Practice Statement

2.4 Making an Act of Parliament

2.5 Statutory instruments, orders in council and by laws

2.6 Delegated legislation

2.7 Statutory interpretation: different approaches to SI: literal v. purposive (European approach), the traditional rules – literal, golden and mischief.

2.8 The institutions of Europe: Primary and Secondary legislation.    

 The A2 course consists of two compulsory units both within contract.


G155: Contract Law

1.1 Formation of a Contract

The principles of offer and acceptance and evidence supporting an agreement made between two parties. How to make a counter offer or the ability to terminate a contract with part payment or the precedent to sue, and whether there may be any existing duty.

An awareness of the meaning of legal intentions and the ability to rebut the contract in commercial agreements as well as social and domestic situations.

1.2 Contents of a contract

Contractual terms, either express or implied in reference to the common law and the Sale of Goods Act 1979 which hold protection for the consumers.

The types of terms found in a standard contract, such as conditions, warranties and the effects of breach.

Exemption clauses held under the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 and regulation 1999 with common law controls to protect the consumer.

1.3 Privity of Contract

The nature of the contract, function and how to establish exceptions where attempts have been made to avoid the doctrine and the statutory reforms.

1.4 Mitigating factors 

Misrepresentation,  in pre – contractual statements and the remedies that the Misrepresentation Act 1967 may hold.

The different types of mistakes that can be made either mutually or unilaterally and the press of economic duress.

Tests for establishing the legality of restraint of trade clauses.

1.5 Discharge of contract

The effects of different methods and burden of loss via performance substantially or partially.

The nature and purpose of frustration within the time limits and the effect it may have on the contract.

Breaches that maybe actual, anticipatory or repudiatory.

G156: Law of Contract Special study 

This unit is based on pre-released material such as extracts from judgements, Acts of Parliament or academic articles on a specific area of the law of contract. You will be accepted to demonstrate an understanding of the law how it has developed and to use legal methods, reasoning and apply appropriate legal rules to draw your conclusions.



Entry Requirements

No prior knowledge of the subject is required. It is recommended that students have attained communication and literacy skills at level equivalent to GCSE grade C in English.



In Year 12: two units assessed by Examination, the weighting of unit 1 is worth 30% and unit 2 is worth 20% of the overall A Level.

In year 13 there are two units assessed by examination.  The Weighting is unit G155 is worth 30% and G156 is also worth 20%. Assessment is by exam board OCR in two 90 min exams held in June.

Financial Information

We would hope to put on a visit to Leeds Magistrate’s Court and a visit to Parliament in London. Students would need their own stationery e.g. pens, highlighters, files with subject dividers, plastic wallets and file paper.

The Academy will not charge for books, materials, equipment and instruction in connection with the National Curriculum or Statutory Religious Education taught at school, except where parents have indicated in advance their wish to purchase the product.

Exam Charging Policy:

–  Students with less than 85% attendance may, under the discretion of the Sixth Form Office, be asked to pay for their exam entry.

–  Exam resits that are made at the request of the post 16 students will be charged at full price.

–  When it is not possible to obtain a refund, full price will be charged to students for:

    –  the Summer Exam entry, if they withdraw from the subject after 20 April.
    –  non-attendance at an exam without good reason.

BTEC students, who leave the Academy prior to the conclusion of the course, will be charged £50.

Future Opportunities

AS Law encourages students to:

Develop and sustain their enjoyment, and interest in, the subject

Develop knowledge and understanding of selected areas of the law of England , Wales and Northern Ireland

Develop an understanding of legal method and reasoning

Develop the techniques of logical thinking and the skills necessary to analyse and solve problems by applying legal rules

Develop the ability to communicate legal arguments and conclusions with reference to appropriate legal authority

Develop a critical awareness of the changing nature of law in society


Further Information

Since Law involves precise definition and use of words; constructing and challenging arguments; the Course will require a considerable amount of wider reading and research in order to keep abreast of legal developments and the fluid nature of the subject. Moreover, as it is a literary subject the quality of writing and expression is fundamental.